You can go through this article to know about the sufficient development initiatives in controlling floods in Bangladesh. You will get a summary of this topic.
Bangladesh has a large coastal area, and a significant amount of land is a lower region. Among the familiar disasters that occur every year, the flood is one of them. Heavy rainfall, cyclones, and overflow of the border-side waterfall cause this inversion each year. On the contrary, Bangladesh has always less cared about it. Sad but true that the Bangladesh Government remains unsuccessful in taking sufficient development initiatives to control this disaster. In this writing, we will see whether there are enough initiatives taken by the government to tackle this calamity.
Development Initiatives To Control Flood In Bangladesh
As Bangladesh has many coastal areas and lower basins, these areas become victims of flooding each year. Almost 18% of this country’s total area is affected by this disaster, and millions of people are left homeless with thousands dead (Wikipedia). It also hampers economic growth. While this flood issue is acute, the government is still saying that they are significantly developing safety measures. However, in reality, this is opposite to what the government has said.
Every year, a fair amount of budget is allotted for the development of roads, damming, river engineering, and rehabilitation for the flood victims. But all these barely reach the root level. Noticeable advancement is not seen in any of them. Reports say that there has not been substantial growth in the improvement of roads, dams, and river excavation over the years. Uncontrollable corruption and mismanagement have left this sector lame and miserable. Some big projects which are directly being held under upper government bodies are not even without corruption.
The Bangladesh government has recently set a deal of water management projects in the Tista river as a counter to the Tista Tipaimukh Dam that causes misery to the northern part of the country. Lack of river dredging every year, lack of effective government measures to prevent river erosion, and substandard construction materials in development activities are all obstacles to flood control.
Despite hundreds of adversities, the Bangladesh government has undertaken some development initiatives in flood control and is working towards that goal. The government has a big project of channelization of the Jamuna river. There is a considerable effort to bring the river to effective management by constructing dams on both sides, keeping the mainstream of the river running. Bangladesh now has an established organization called the Water Development Board, which is more robust than before. Haor basins are taken to great care. More shelters and higher roads and dams are being constructed but at a slow growth rate.
The government has been giving less effort to prevent floods. Despite having a wealthy budget in every fiscal year, this vital issue remains uncared and unsolved. Reports show that every year begins with a handsome amount of funding on roads and dams construction but ends up with no noticeable improvement. The Bangladesh government attaches more importance to post-flood remediation than development initiatives of flood prevention. Prevention is better than cure. Therefore, the government of Bangladesh should take necessary projects for controlling floods and implement it.
- What initiatives do the non-governmental organizations take to prevent floods in Bangladesh?
Ans: As the government takes all the decisions and initiatives for development programs, the non-government organizations cannot take any initiatives regarding this matter. But, after the floods occur in Bangladesh, some non-governmental organizations come forward to help the flood affected people. They provide food, shelter, medical services, and water-sanitization to the affected people.
- What kind of suffering people have to go through during floods in Bangladesh?
Ans: During the massive flood, houses in the lower region of Bangladesh go underwater. People become homeless, need pure drinking water and food, get affected by many water diseases, and do not have any latrine facilities.